BlackBerry is Dead

“…those were the days! I used to be the most sought after person. My number was on the speed dial of almost all high-ranking executives of public and private corporations in the town! They would even wake me up in the middle of the night…”

 

Well, this is how a Corporate Account Manager of a large telecom company described his golden days. The big fish would call him directly whenever they wanted to buy a new BlackBerry or had an issue with their existing one. In return they would oblige him in different ways. BlackBerry was a craze among the affluent, it was also a status symbol. Executives didn’t want to be seen with a Nokia or any other phone. Their spouses would flaunt their own shiny BlackBerries at parties and exchange BBM pins.  Of-course the Corporate Account Manager knew who had gotten a BlackBerry for whom, elevating his value further higher among the VIPs.

While the world’s affluent and corporate executives fired away emails and messages using thumbs of both hands, the executives at RIM (old name of BlackBerry) remained oblivious to the shifting consumer preferences for smartphones. The decision makers at RIM were blinded by their own success. The market capitalization of the firm had gone from a humble $340 million in 2003, when the first integrated BlackBerry phone was launched, to a whopping $55 billion in 2008. A culture of complacency had set in which lead RIM to ignore the historic launches of iPhone by Apple in 2007 followed by the launch of Android operating system by Google in 2008. While consumers drove in herds to own iPhones and Android phones, RIM kept itself busy by making small incremental changes to its phones. In 2008 it launched BlackBerry Storm, a touchscreen phone based on SurePress technology that made the act of touch cumbersome for users. It also lacked built-in WiFi which had become industry standard by then. Naturally, Storm turned out to be a flop. During 2008 and 2009, Apple and Google made significant headway in establishing their app stores. RIM, as usual arrived late to the app party with the launch of BlackBerry App World in April 2009. By 2010 Apple had upgraded iPhone 3 times by launching 3G, 3GS, and iPhone 4 while Samsung had launched its flagship Andriod smartphone, Galaxy S. BlackBerry on the other hand made many insignificant changes to its existing line-up of Curve, Bold, and Storm models and launched one new model named Torch, a touchscreen slider phone with improved browser. While BlackBerry was trying to counter the stiff competition in smartphone space, Apple introduced the new category of ‘Tablets’ with the launch of iPad in April of 2010. Since BlackBerry did not want to be left behind in the tablet race, it hurried to launch its own tablet named PlayBook in the September of the same year. The introduction of PlayBook however was so rushed that it was launched without the email and calendar support. This really let the BlackBerry enthusiasts down. Other manufacturers saw the opportunity and moved in to gain share of Tablet market by introducing their own brands. By 2011 it was clear that both Torch and PlayBook had failed to capture consumers’ interest. Meanwhile Apple launched iPad 2 in 2011 along with iPhone 4S and Samsung launched Galaxy SII as well as enhanced its tablets offering.  Thereon, RIM was in a free fall into abyss.  A disgruntled employee wrote an open letter to management, reflecting the mood of employees at that time. The two founding CEOs stepped down, and market capitalization started to vanish.  The new CEO tried to turn back time by renaming the company from RIM to BlackBerry, launching a new OS named BB10, and introducing radical new phone models such as Z10 which looked more like an iPhone than a BlackBerry.  It all proved to be too little, too late. The competition had literally knocked out BlackBerry by than. The BlackBerry OS, devices, and ecosystem weren’t good enough to complete with the likes of Apple, Google, Samsung, and HTC among others.

Finally in August 2012, a Special Committee was formed to look for ‘strategic alternatives’. It took the committee one full year to find a buyer. On 23rd September 2013, BlackBerry signed a letter of intent to sell the company for $4.7 billion to Fairfax Financial. The sale price of around $9 per share indicates less than 10% premium on the prevailing share price of that day. It’s indeed a sad story for people who loved BlackBerry for the phones and software that the company made and more so for those who invested their time and money in it. But such is the trade of high tech where fortunes reverse in matter of months.  RIP BlackBerry!

This post originally appeared here.

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